首页> 2021年普通专升本:大学英语阅读选择题练习与答案

2021年普通专升本:大学英语阅读选择题练习与答案

来源:湖北专升本 浏览次数:143 发布时间:2021-06-15

    1.[阅览挑选]War may be a natural expression of biological instinct and drives toward aggression in the human species. Natural impulses of anger, hostility, and territoriality (护卫地盘的天分) are expressed through acts of violence. These are all qualities that humans share with animals. Aggression is a kind of innate (天然生成的) survival mechanism, an instinct for self-preservation, that allows animals to defend themselves from threats to their existence. But,on the other hand, human violence shows evidence of being a learned behavior. In the case of human aggression, violence can not be simply reduced to an instinct. The many expressions of human violence are always conditioned by social conventions that give shape to aggressive behavior. In human societies violence has a social function: It is a strategy for creating or destroying forms of social order. Religious traditions have taken a leading role in directing the powers of violence. We will look at the ritual and ethical (道德上的) patterns within which human violence has been directed.    Human violence shows evidence of being a learned behavior in that ______.    A、it threatens the existing social systems    B、it is influenced by society     C、it has roots in religious conflicts     D、it is directed against institutions of law   正确答案:B   答案解析:本段指出了人类暴力的两个特性,其间第二个特性是“a learned behavior”

可以知道本题的答案应该就在本段的后面部分。接下来的第二句话即说人类暴力的许多表现形式都受社会习气的限制:The many expressions of human violence are always conditioned by social conventions that give shape to aggressive behavior,将其定型为侵犯性行为。     2.[阅览挑选]The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law. The more developed a legal system becomes, the more society takes responsibility for the discovery, control, and punishment of violent acts. In most tribal societies the only means to deal with an act of violence is revenge. Each family group may have the responsibility for personally carrying out judgment and punishment upon the person who committed the offense. But in legal systems, the responsibility for revenge becomes depersonalized and diffused. The society assumes the responsibility for protecting individuals from violence. In cases where they cannot be protected, the society is responsible for imposing punishment.    The function of legal systems, according to the passage, is ______.    A、to control violence within a society    B、to protect the world from chaos    C、to free society from the idea of revenge    D、to give the government absolute power  正确答案:A  答案解析:本段的榜首句话The violence within a society is controlled through institutions of law 是本题的答案。

相关文章推荐
文章评论
用户头像

用户姓名