首页> 专升本英语复习:关于动名词的那些语法知识

专升本英语复习:关于动名词的那些语法知识

来源:湖北专升本 浏览次数:168 发布时间:2021-06-15

    关于动名词,你把握了多少?今天,咱们就一同去讨论一下关于动名词的那些语法常识吧!    动名词是一种兼有动词和名词特征的非限制动词

它能够分配宾语,也能被副词润饰。动名词有时态和语态的改变,即动词的ing方式如果是名词,这个词称动名词。动词原形+ing构成,具有名词,动词一些特征。    动名词能够充任语句成分,动名词具有名词的性质,因此在句中能够作主语、表语、宾语、定语等。    1.主语成分    1) 直接坐落句首做主语。    例如:Swimming is a good sport in summer.      2) 用 it 作方式主语,把动名词(真实主语)置于句尾作后置主语。动名词做主语时,不太常用 it 作先行主语,多见于某些形容词及名词之后。    例如:It is no use telling him not to worry.      常见的能用于这种结构的形容词还有:better,wonderful,enjoyable,interesting,foolish,difficult,useless,senseless,worthwhile等。留意:important,essential,necessary 等形容词不能用于上述结构。     3)用于“There be”结构中。    例如:There is no saying when he"ll come.很难说他何时回来。    4)用于公告方式的省掉结构中。    例如:No smoking ( =No smoking is allowed (here) ). (制止吸烟)        2.宾语成分    1)作动词的宾语    某些动词后呈现非限制性动词时只能用动名词作宾语,不能用不定式。常见的此类动词有:advise, allow, permit, avoid, consider, enjoy, finish, give up, cannot help, imagine, include, keep, keep on, mind, miss, put off, delay, resist, suggest, depend on, think about, set about, succeed in, worry about, burst out, insist on, can’t stand, be used to, get used to, devote…to…, look forward to, pay attention to, get down to, escape 等。    如:They went on walking and never stopped talking.    他们继续走,说个不断。    I found it pleasant walking along the seashore.     在海滩上走真是乐事。    Mark often attempts to escape being fined whenever he breaks traffic regulations.      每逢马克违背交通规则时,他常常妄图躲避罚款的处分。    2)作介词的宾语    We are thinking of making a new plan for the next term.     咱们正考虑为下学期拟定新的方案。    Shall we have a rest or get down to doing our work?     咱们歇息呢仍是开端干活?    常见的下列短语中的to均为介词,短语后运用动名词做宾语;attach importance to, be used to, devote?to, in addition to, lead to, look forward to, object to, be opposed to, prefer?to, stick to , take to, thanks to, the way/ approach/ solution/ key to      3)下列举办需求运用动名词做宾语: can’t help doing sth; be worth doing sth; be busy doing sth     如:The music is well worth listening to more than once.     这种曲子很值得多听几遍。    We are busy preparing for the coming sports meet.     咱们正为立刻到来的运动会忙着做准备。    4)在deserve, need, require, want, be worth 后可用动名词或不定式做宾语,用自动方式表明被迫意义;运用不定式做宾语时,依然用被迫方式表达被迫意义。    The flower needs watering. = The flower needs to be watered.     What he did deserves praising. = What he did deserves to be praised.      5) 动名词作表语时语句主语常是表明无生命的事物的名词或what引导的名词性从句。表语动名词与主语通常是对等的联系,表明主语的内容,主语、表语可交换方位。    Your task is cleaning the windows.     你的使命便是擦窗户。=Cleaning the windows is your task.     What I hate most is being laughed at.     我最怨恨的便是被他人讪笑。=Being laughed at is what I hate most.     6)作定语    动名词作定语往往表明被润饰词的某种用处。    “光说不练假把式”,看动名词这一块儿的语法把握的怎么,去做一做题就知道啦!

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